RULE: 28 - DEFINITION OF TERMS USED IN THIS TARIFF
The Terms listed below will be defined and used as follows in this Tariff:
"AS FREIGHTED" - means that the greater amount of the ocean freight or charge, as calculated at the
specified weight or measurement unit, will be assessed.
"BILL OF LADING" - means the shipment contract of Affreightment covering one shipment from one
Shipper to one Consignee.
"BUSINESS HOURS" - means that period of each calendar day, except Saturdays, Sundays or Holidays,
between the hours of 8:00 AM and 5:00 PM. However, the actual hours observed as "Business Hours" at
each individual port, terminal, Rail Ramp, Container Yard or Station shall take precedence if such
hours are different.
"CARGO, N.O.S." - means articles not otherwise specified in individual commodity items of this tariff.
"CARRIER" - means VI Cargo.
"CAUTION" - means articles which may be Hazardous and which are subject to the provisions and
restrictions named in Rule No. 16 of this Tariff.
"CHARITABLE AND/OR RELIEF GOODS" - The term Charitable and/or Relief Goods, as used in this Tariff,
means cargo that is composed of materials, equipment, supplies and medicines, NOT for resale, for use
by charitable, non-profit or government agencies or organizations engaged in welfare, medical,
educational or sheltering activities and/or engaged in the construction, building or renovation of
housing, medical or other philanthropic related facilities.
"CHASSIS" - means a wheeled assembly, with or without a container attached, constructed so as to
accept the mounting of a demountable trailer body, container or flexi van.
"COFC" - means Container-On-Flat-Car rail service, in which Rail Carriers transport containers
without Chassis, Bogies or other wheeled assemblies on rail flat cars.
"COL" - means a Carrier Owned or Leased Container and over which the Carrier has control by ownership
or by acquisition thereof under a lease or rental agreement from a container company or container
supplier or other similar sources.
"CONSIGNOR, CONSIGNEE or SHIPPER" - The terms Consignor, Consignee or Shipper INCLUDES all authorized
representatives or agents of such Consignor, Consignee or Shipper.
"Consignee" - means the person, firm or corporation shown on the Bill of Lading as the receiver of
the property transported by Carrier at destination.
"Consignor" - means the person, firm or corporation shown on the Bill of Lading as the Shipper of
the property received by the Carrier for transportation at origin.
"Shipper" - means the person, firm or corporation shown on the shipping documents as the party
tendering the cargo received by the Carrier for transportation.
"CONTAINER" - The term Container, as used in this Tariff, means, regardless of ownership, any freight-
carrying single, rigid, non-disposable dry cargo, ventilated, insulated, mechanically refrigerated or
heated, portable liquid or dry tank, flat rack or platform, vehicle rack or open top type unit
without wheels or chassis attached, having a closure (except racks or platforms) or permanently
hinged door or removable top, that allows ready access to interior for loading or unloading of cargo,
which has been designed to transport cargo by different modes of transportation. Such term does NOT
include crates, boxes or pallets. All types of containers must have construction, standardized
fittings and fastenings able to withstand, without permanent distortion, all the normal stresses that
may be applied in the normal service use of continuous transportation. A container may be of any
height or length as defined in this Tariff. Except as may be otherwise specifically provided, the
term "Trailer," when used in this Tariff, shall be synonymous with, and interchangeable with, the
"CONTAINER FREIGHT STATION" [See "S" Service Rule 2.1] - The term Container Freight Station means a
facility or terminal at origin where break bulk, packaged or palletized cargo is tendered to the
Carrier by Shippers for containerization and transportation, and/or the facilities or terminal at
destination where the Carrier unloads and strips cargo from containers to make break bulk, packaged
or palletized cargo available to Consignee for Consignee pickup.
"CONTAINER YARD" [See "Y" Service Rule 2.1] - The term Container Yard means the facilities or
terminal provided or utilized by the Carrier, where empty or loaded containers are tendered to,
received from and/or interchanged with the Carrier, and includes any underlying VOCC container yard
facilities authorized by the Carrier.
"CONTROLLED TEMPERATURE" - means the maintenance of a specific temperature or range of temperatures
in a Container designed to maintain a constant temperature.
"D CONTAINER" - See Rule 2.2.f.
"DAY" - means one twenty-four (24) hour period beginning at 12:01 AM.
"DELIVERY SERVICE" - The term Delivery Service means the service performed or provided by the Carrier
in transporting and delivering cargo to a platform, sidewalk, doorway, or shipping room directly
accessible to an over-the-road vehicle at Consignee's premises. Delivery Service does NOT include the
delivery of cargo to basements, floors or interior areas not directly accessible to over-the-road
vehicles, NOR does it include unpacking, erecting, inspection of property or any other such similar
"DIPLOMATIC CARGO," "EMBASSY CARGO" or "GOVERNMENTAL CARGO" - When the term Diplomatic Cargo, Embassy
Cargo or Governmental Cargo is used in a Commodity Description of this Tariff, rates named under such
heading shall apply ONLY 1) for the account of a Diplomat or Embassy Official, OR 2) on cargo
originating at or destined to a named Embassy, Diplomatic Office, Military Facility or Governmental
Ministry Office, OR 3) for the account of a named Government or Government Department or Ministry,
OR 4) for the account of a named United Nations Organization or Agency, OR 5) for the account of
Government Sponsored Agency. Such cargo must be certified by Shipper as not for re-sale or other
"DIVERSION" - The term Diversion means a change in the original B/L instructions, made after cargo
has been tendered to the Carrier for transportation service, requiring delivery of cargo to a
different Consignee, delivery to a different address or a different destination, a change in the
required routing of a shipment and/or any other change in the shipping orders and instructions which
requires Carrier to perform or provide additional transportation service to effect delivery of cargo
at ultimate destination.
"DOOR" [See "D" Service Rule 2.1] - The term Door means a Shipper's, Consignor's or Consignee's
receiving and shipping premises (i.e. a platform, doorway or shipping dock directly accessible to a
highway vehicle and Carrier's container).
"DROP OFF" or "DROP & PICK" or "DROP & PULL" - means Carrier's designated Trucker will deliver and
then leave an empty or loaded container at Shipper's or Consignee's premises for loading or unloading
and then return later to pickup the loaded or empty container to return that container to the
designated Container Yard or Rail Ramp.
"DRY CARGO" - means cargo other than that requiring atmospheric and/or temperature control, or Bulk
"EXPLOSIVE CARGO" - means cargo falling within Hazardous Class A, B or C explosives as defined in
Rule 16 of Tariff.
"FULL VISIBLE CAPACITY" - The term Full Visible Capacity, when used in connection with container
provisions, rules or rates, means that no more of the same type of cargo can be loaded into or on the
transporting container or other carrying equipment consistent with safety precautions, weight stri
strictions and/or other regulations necessary to prevent damage to, or
loss of, cargo.
"GROSS WEIGHT" - means the total weight of cargo, packaging, pallets, and transporting container in
which cargo is transported.
"HEEL" - means any material remaining in a Tank Container following unloading, delivery, or discharge
of the transported cargo. Heels may also be referred to as container residue, residual materials or
"HOLIDAY" - means any day designated as a full holiday by any National, State or Local government by
statute or by local proclamation on which service to the Shipping Public is not available.
"IN-GAUGE" - The term In-Gauge when used to restrict Flat-Bed, Flat-Rack, Open Top or Platform Type
Container/Trailer Rates means that the cargo loaded on such equipment does NOT hang over any portion
of any side or end of the Container/Trailer, and further that no part of the cargo is greater than 8
ft. 6 ins. high.
"IN PACKAGES or PACKAGES" - shall include any shipping form other than in bulk, loose, in glass or
earthenware or on pallets or skids.
"KILO TON" - means 1000 Kilos.
"KNOCKED DOWN (KD)" - means that an article has been taken apart, folded or telescoped in such a
manner as to reduce its bulk at lease 33 1/3 percent from its normal shipping cubage when set up or
"LABEL CARGO" - means cargo requiring White, Yellow, Red, Red Gas, Green Gas, Poison Gas and Tear Gas
labels as required by governmental regulation. See Rule No. 16 of Tariff.
"LIVE LOAD" - means Carrier's designated Trucker will deliver a loaded or empty container at
Shipper's or Consignee's premises for loading or unloading, and that the Trucker's employee and
equipment will remain at the Shipper's or Consignee's premises until the container is loaded or
unloaded and is released for further movement.
"MERCHANT" - means and includes Consignor, Shipper, Consignee, the Receiver of the Goods, a
Person/Party (including any Corporation, Company or other legal Entity owning or entitled to the
possession of the Goods), or any person or party acting as agent for or on behalf of such entity.
"MIXED SHIPMENT" - means a shipment consisting of two or more distinct commodities and/or articles,
which may or may not be described in and rated under two or more rate items of this Tariff.
"NON-HAZARDOUS" - means non-label cargo which is permitted stowage between decks or under deck (other
than Magazine) under C.F.R. Title 46 - Shipping, as amended, which is NOT classified as "hazardous"
by any governmental agency and which is NOT SUBJECT to the provisions of Rule 16 of this Tariff.
"ONE COMMODITY" - The term One Commodity indicates any and all of the articles described in a single
rate Item of this Tariff.
"OUT-OF-GAUGE" - The term Out-of-Gauge when used to restrict Flat-Bed, Flat-Rack, Open Top or
Platform Type Container/Trailer Rates means that in some manner the cargo loaded on such equipment
either hangs over a portion of any side or end of the Container/Trailer, or that a part of the cargo
is greater than 8ft. 6ins. high. (Such shipments may be subject to applicable Extra Length, Height or
or Width Charges.)
"PICKUP SERVICE" - The term Pickup Service means the service performed or provided by the Carrier in
calling for cargo at a platform, sidewalk, doorway, or shipping room directly accessible to an over-
the-road vehicle at Shipper's premises. Pickup Service does NOT include the removal of cargo from
basements, floors or interior areas not directly accessible to over-the-road vehicles, NOR does it in
include packing, dismantling, inspection of property or any other such similar services.
"POINT" - The term Point means a particular city, town, village, community or other area which is
treated as a geographic unit for the application of rates. "POINT" (i.e. Port-to-Point, Point-to-
Point, Point-to-Port) RATES named in this Tariff are applicable From/To Inland Points which lie
beyond port terminal areas. Accordingly, any city and associated state/province, country, U.S. ZIP
code, or U.S. ZIP code range, which lies beyond port terminal areas are deemed inland points. (A
city may share the name of a port: the immediate ship-side and designated terminal area or depot is
the port, but the rest of the city is considered an inland point.)
"PLACE" - means a particular street address or other designation of a factory, store, warehouse,
place of business, private residence, construction camp or the like at a point.
"PROJECT CARGO" - The term Project Cargo means cargo that includes materials, equipment and supplies
employed in the construction, development or supply of a named facility used for a major
governmental, charitable, manufacturing, resource exploration/exploitation, public utility or public
service purpose, including disaster relief projects. No materials, equipment or supplies covered
under a Project Cargo Rate named in this Tariff shall be transported for the purpose of resale or
other commercial distribution.
A clause reading substantially as follows shall appear on all B/Ls
pertaining to project rates: "All materials included in this B/L
are of a wholly proprietary nature and shall not be resold or
otherwise commercially distributed at destination."
"PROPORTIONAL" - The term Proportional, when used in connection with a Rate, Rule, Charge, Provision
or Accessorial Charge, means a provision whose application is restricted to shipments of cargo having
an immediate prior or immediate subsequent movement, via any transportation mode, from or to a named
port, point or location group. The term immediate as used herein means either: that no other thru or
line haul transportation service, other than the transportation service from the specified origin,
occurs prior to Carrier's receipt of cargo at origin; or that no other thru or line haul
transportation service, other than the transportation service to the specified destination, occurs
subsequent to Carrier's tendering cargo to on-carrier at destination.
"RAIL RAMP" [See "R" Service Rule 2.1] - The term Rail Ramp means the Trailer-On-Flat-Car (TOFC) or
Container-On-Flat-Car (COFC) facility or terminal of a rail carrier where loaded or empty containers
are tendered to, received from or interchanged with such rail carrier.
"RECONSIGNMENT" - The term Reconsignment means any change in the original B/L instructions, made
after cargo has been tendered to the Carrier, requiring delivery of cargo to a different Consignee,
at a different address or to a different destination, which requires Carrier to perform or provide
additional transportation service to effect delivery of cargo at ultimate destination, or that
requires an amendment to, or the reissue of, the B/L or other shipping documents prior to delivery at
"REVENUE TON" - means one weight ton or one measurement ton, as freight charges are assessed, subject
to Rule 2 and its Sub-Rules.
"SHIPMENT" - Except as otherwise specifically provided in this Tariff, a shipment means a quantity of
freight tendered to the Carrier by 1 (one) Shipper, at 1 (one) port or point of origin, at 1 (one)
time, transported on 1 (one) B/L, for delivery to 1 (one) Consignee, at 1 (one) destination port or
point for which a single shipping document has been issued.
"SITE" - means a particular platform or specific location for loading or unloading at a place.
"SOL" - means a Shipper Owned or Leased Container and over which the Shipper has control by ownership
or by acquisition thereof under lease or rental from a container company or container supplier or
other similar sources.
"STUFFING/PACKING, UNSTUFFING/UNPACKING/STRIPPING" - means the physical placing of cargo into, onto
or the physical removal of cargo from containers.
"TRAILER" - means any wheeled unit designed to contain and convey cargo. Used interchangeably with
Container, see above.
"TRUCK" - means any vehicle propelled or drawn by a single mechanical power unit and used on the
highways for the transportation of cargo.
"VOID, VOID SPACE, or CONTAINER VOID" - when used in a TLI named in this Tariff, shall be defined as
a vessel's on-board container space that is required to remain empty next to or above a flat rack,
platform or open top container laden with out-of-gauge cargo that could otherwise be utilized to
transport a container.
"WORKING DAY" - except as otherwise provided in individual rules or rate provisions, a Working Day
means each calendar day, excepting Saturday, Sundays and Holidays, between 8:00 A.M. and 5:00 P.M.