RULE: 8 - BILL(S) OF LADING
All cargo transported under the rates, charges, terms and conditions named in this Tariff and in
Tariffs subject to this Tariff shall be held, carried and delivered SUBJECT to the provisions of
Carrier's applicable Long Form B\L, the terms and conditions of which are shown below.
a. When issued, all B/Ls MUST show the name and address of both the Shipper/Consignor and the
Consignee; the total weight and total measurement of each piece, package or unit of cargo in the
shipment, except in the case of FCL shipments, only the total shipment eight and measurement must be
shown; and on shipments consigned "TO ORDER," the name and address of the party to be notified MUST
b. Shippers/Consignors requiring that the Original B/L, properly endorsed, be surrendered to the
Carrier before delivery is accomplished, MUST secure an ORDER B/L.
c. If a shipment is refused by Consignee at destination, or if Shipper, Consignee or owner of the
property fails to receive or claim cargo within 15 days after written notice by U.S. mail addressed
to Shipper and/or Consignee at Post Office addresses shown on the face of B/L or if Shipper refuses
or fails to pay lawfully applicable charges in accordance with Carrier's applicable Tariff, Carrier
may sell the property at its option, either (a) upon notice and in the manner authorized by law, or
(b) at public auction to the highest bidder for cash at a public sale to be held at a time and place
named by the Carrier, 30 days’ notice of such sale shall have been given in writing to the Shipper
and Consignee, and there shall have been published at least once a week for two consecutive weeks in
a newspaper of general circulation at or near the place of sale, a notice thereof containing a
description of the property as described in the B/L and the names of the Consignor and Consignee. The
proceeds of any sale shall be applied toward the payment of the lawful charges applicable to the
shipment and toward expenses of notice, advertising and sale, and the balance, if any, shall be paid
to the owner of the property; provided that any perishable articles contained in said shipment may be
sold at public or private sale without such notice, if, in opinion of the Carrier such action is
necessary to prevent deterioration or further deterioration.
d. Carrier will NOT be, or remain, liable for loss or damage of any shipment on hand at the VI Cargo,
LLC Terminal after expiration of applicable Free Time or the termination of Carrier's insurance
thereon, whichever occurs later.
e. The Terms and Conditions of Carrier's regular long form B/L are as follows:
COMBINED TRANSPORT BILL OF LADING
Agents signing this Bill of Lading on behalf of the Carrier by whom this Bill is issued have only the
limited authority at common law of masters signing a Bill of Lading.
In accepting this Bill of Lading, any local custom or practice to the contrary notwithstanding, any
Merchant as defined hereunder agrees to be bound by all stipulations, exceptions and conditions
stated herein whether written, printed, stamped or incorporated on the front or reverse side hereof
as fully as if they were all signed by such Merchant.
Notwithstanding the heading "COMBINED TRANSPORT BILL OF LADING", the provisions set out and referred
from this document shall also apply if the transport described on the reverse side of this Bill of
Lading is performed by one mode of transport only.
"Carrier" means the Company stated on the front of this Bill of Lading as being the Carrier and on
whose behalf this Bill of Lading has been signed.
"Merchant" includes the shipper, the consignee, the receiver of the Goods, the holder of this Bill of
Lading, any person owning or entitled to the possession of the Goods or this Bill of Lading, any
person having a present or future interest in the Goods or any person acting on behalf of any of the
above mentioned persons.
"Goods" includes the cargo supplied by the Merchant and includes any Container not supplied by or on
behalf of the Carrier.
"Container" includes any container, trailer, transportable tank, lift van, flat, flat rack, pallet or
any similar article of transport used to consolidate goods.
"Carriage" means the whole of the operations and services undertaken or performed by or on behalf of
the Carrier in respect of the Goods.
"Combined Transport" arises where the Carriage called for by this Bill of Lading is not a Port to
"Port to Port Shipment" arises where the Place of Receipt and the Place of Delivery are not indicated
on the front of this Bill of Lading or if both the Place of Receipt and the
Place of Delivery indicated are ports and the Bill of Lading does not in the nomination of the Place
of Receipt or the Place of Delivery on the front hereof specify any place or spot within the area of
the port so nominated.
"Hague Rules" means the provisions of the International Convention for Unification of certain Rules
relating to Bills of Lading signed at Brussels on 25th August 1924.
"Hague-Visby Rules" means the Hague Rules as amended by the Protocol signed at Brussels on 23rd
"COGSA" means the Carriage of Goods by Sea Act of the United States of America approved on 16th April
"COGWA" means Part 5 of the Canadian Marine Liability Act
"Charges" includes freight and all expenses and money obligations incurred and payable by the
"Shipping Unit" includes freight unit and the term "unit" as used in the Hague Rules and Hague-Visby
"Person" includes an individual, a partnership, a body corporate or other entity.
"Stuffed" includes filled, consolidated, packed, loaded or secured.
2. CARRIER'S TARIFF
The provisions of the Carrier's applicable Tariff, if any, are incorporated herein. Copies of such
provisions are obtainable from the Carrier or his agents upon request or, where applicable, from a
government body with whom the Tariff has been filed. In the case of inconsistency between this Bill
of Lading and the applicable Tariff, this Bill of
Lading shall prevail.
The Merchant warrants that in agreeing to the terms hereof he is or is the agent of and has the
authority of the person owning or entitled to the possession of the Goods or any person who has a
present or future interest in the Goods.
4. NEGOTIABILITY AND TITLE TO THE GOODS
(1) This Bill of Lading shall be non-negotiable unless made out "to order" in which event it shall be
negotiable and shall constitute title to the Goods and the holder shall be entitled to receive or to
transfer the Goods herein described.
(2) This Bill of Lading shall be prima facie evidence of the taking in charge by the Carrier of the
Goods as herein described. However, proof to the contrary shall not be admissible when this Bill of
Lading has been negotiated or transferred for valuable consideration to a third party acting in good
5. CERTAIN RIGHTS AND IMMUNITIES FOR THE CARRIER AND OTHER PERSONS
(1) The Carrier shall be entitled to sub-contract on any terms the whole or any part of the Carriage.
(2) The Merchant undertakes that no claim or allegation shall be made against any person or vessel
whatsoever (other than the Carrier) including, but not limited to, the
Carrier's servants or agents, any independent contractor and his servants or agents, and all others
by whom the whole or any part of the Carriage, whether directly or indirectly, is procured, performed
or undertaken, which imposes or attempts to impose upon any such person or vessel any liability
whatsoever in connection with the Goods or the Carriage; and if any claim or allegation should
nevertheless be made to defend, indemnify and hold harmless the Carrier against all consequences
Without prejudice to the foregoing every such person and vessel shall have the benefit of all
provisions herein benefiting the Carrier as if such provisions were expressly for his benefit and in
entering into this contract the Carrier, to the extent of these provisions, does so not only on his
own behalf but also as agent or trustee for such persons and vessels and such persons and vessels
shall to this extent be or be deemed to be parties to this contract.
(3) The Merchant shall defend, indemnify and hold harmless the Carrier against any claim or liability
(and any expense arising therefrom) arising from the Carriage of the Goods
insofar as such claim or liability exceeds the Carrier's liability under this Bill of Lading.
(4) The defenses and limits of liability provided for in this Bill of Lading shall apply in any
action against the Carrier whether the action be found in Contract or in Tort.
(5) In the event that the Carrier is required to transport the Goods to the port of loading or from
the port of discharge as described in this Bill of Lading and the
Carrier in its absolute discretion agrees to such transport, such further carriage shall be
undertaken on the basis that the Bill of Lading terms and conditions are to apply to such carriage
including without limitation, where applicable, any of the limitations or protections as may be
provided by COGSA unless and to the extent that the transporting party has a limitation which acts or
places less liability on the Carrier than those provided herein in which case those limitations shall
be deemed applicable to
6. CARRIER'S RESPONSIBILITY
(1) CLAUSE PARAMOUNT
(A) Carriage to or from USA
For Goods carried to or from the USA, where loss or damage has occurred between the time of receipt
by the Carrier at the port of loading and the time of delivery by the Carrier to the port of
discharge, or during any prior or subsequent period of carriage by water, the liability of the
Carrier shall be determined by the COGSA. At all times that the
Carrier has responsibility for the goods, the Carrier shall be entitled to the full benefit of the
right to all limitations or exemptions from liability authorized by any provision of COGSA or any
other country whose laws may apply. Nothing in this Bill of Lading shall be deemed to operate to
deprive the Carrier, or lessen the benefit of any such rights, immunities, limitations or exemptions.
(B) Carriage to or from countries other than the USA
(I) For Goods carried to or from countries other than the USA, where loss or damage has occurred
between the time of receipt of the Goods by the Carrier at the port of loading and the time of
delivery at the port of discharge, or during any prior or subsequent period of carriage by water, the
liability of the Carrier shall be determined in accordance with either the Hague-Visby Rules where
those are compulsorily applicable at the place of receipt or the port of loading where the first sea
carriage in the transportation is on board the ocean vessel, or in all other cases in accordance with
the International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules relating to Bills of lading dated
August 26, 1924 (the Hague Rules) with the exception that Article 9 shall not apply and the limit of
liability in Article 4 Rule 5 shall be set out as in clause 7 below.
(II) Where the carriage called for commences at the port of loading and/or finishes at the port of
discharge, the Carrier shall have no liability whatsoever for any loss or damage to the Goods while
in its actual or constructive possession before loading or after discharge over ships rail, or if
applicable, on the ship's ramp however caused.
(2) PORT TO PORT SHIPMENT
If carriage is Port to Port, the responsibility of the Carrier is limited to that part of the
Carriage from and during loading onto the vessel up to and during discharge from the vessel and the
Carrier shall not be liable for any loss or damage whatsoever in respect of the Goods or for any
other matter arising during any other part of the
Carriage even though Charges for the whole Carriage have been charged by the Carrier. The Merchant
constitutes the Carrier as agent to enter into contracts on behalf of the
Merchant with others for transport, storage, handling or any other services in respect of the Goods
prior to loading and subsequent to discharge of the Goods from the vessel without responsibility for
any act or omission whatsoever on the part of the Carrier or others and the Carrier may as such agent
enter into contracts with others on any terms whatsoever including terms less favorable than the
terms in this Bill of Lading.
(3) COMBINED TRANSPORT
If carriage is Combined Transport, the Carrier shall be liable for loss of or damage to the Goods
occurring from the time that the Goods are taken into his charge until the time of delivery to the
extent set forth in Clause 7, except that should any other provision of this Bill of Lading provide a
lesser amount of liability for the
Carrier, then that provision shall apply.
7. THE AMOUNT OF COMPENSATION
(1) For shipment to or from ports in the USA, neither the Carrier nor the ship shall in any event be
or become liable for any loss or damage to or in connection with the transportation of the Goods in
an amount exceeding $500.00 per package lawful money of the United States, or in the case of Goods
not shipped in packages, per customary freight unit, or the equivalent of that sum in other currency,
unless the nature and the value of the Goods has been declared by the Merchant before shipment and
inserted on this Bill of Lading and extra freight paid in accordance with subsection (3) below.
(2) Where the Hague Rules apply hereunder, the Carrier's maximum liability shall in no event exceed
GBP 100 lawful money of the United Kingdom per package or unit, unless the nature or value of such
Goods have been declared by the Merchant before shipment and inserted on the reverse side of this
Bill of Lading and extra freight paid in accordance with subsection (3) below.
(3) The Carrier's liability may be increased to a higher value by a declaration in writing of the
value of the Goods by the shipper upon delivery to the Carrier of the Goods for shipment, such higher
value being inserted on the front of this Bill of Lading in the space provided and, if required by
the Carrier, extra freight paid. In such case, if the actual value of the Goods shall exceed such
declared value the value shall nevertheless be deemed to be the declared value and the Carrier's
liability, if any, shall not exceed the declared value and any partial loss or damage shall be
adjusted pro rata on the basis of such declared value.
(4) In any event where subsection (1) or (2) of this clause above are not applicable, and where
Carrier is not subject to any other contractual or legal limitation and when the
Carrier is liable for compensation in respect of loss or damage to the Goods, such compensation shall
be calculated by reference to the invoice value of the Goods. If there is no invoice value of the
Goods, such compensation shall be calculated by reference to the value of such Goods at the place and
time they are delivered to the Merchant in accordance with the contract, or should have been so
delivered. The value of the Goods shall be fixed according to the Commodity exchange price, or, if
there be no commodity exchange price or current market price, by reference to the normal value of
goods of like kind and quality. In any event, compensation shall not, however, exceed USD 2.00 per
kilo of Gross Weight of the Goods lost or damaged.
8. GENERAL PROVISIONS
(1) Delay, Consequential Loss
Save as otherwise provided herein, the Carrier shall in no circumstances be liable for direct,
indirect or consequential loss or damage caused by delay or any other cause whatsoever and howsoever
caused. Without prejudice to the foregoing, if the Carrier is found liable for delay, liability shall
be limited to the freight applicable to the relevant stage of the transport.
(2) Definition of Package or Shipping Unit
Where a Container is used to consolidate Goods and such Container is stuffed by the Carrier, the
number of packages or shipping units stated on the face of this Bill of Lading in the box provided
shall be deemed the number of packages or shipping units for the purpose of any limit of liability
per package or shipping unit provided in any international convention or national law relating to the
carriage of Goods by sea. Except as aforesaid the Container shall be considered the package or
The words "shipping unit" shall mean each physical unit or piece of cargo not shipped in a package,
including articles or things of any description whatsoever, except Goods shipped in bulk, and
irrespective of the weight or measurement unit employed in calculating freight charges.
As to Goods shipped in bulk, the limitation applicable thereto shall be the limitation provided in
such convention or law which may be applicable, and in no event shall anything herein be construed to
be a waiver of limitation as to Goods shipped in bulk.
(3) Rust, etc.
It is agreed that superficial rust, oxidation, discoloration or any like condition due to moisture,
is not a condition of damage but is inherent to the nature of the Goods and acknowledgment of receipt
of the Goods in apparent good order and condition is not a representation that such conditions of
rust, oxidation, discoloration or the like did not exist on receipt.
(4) Notice of Loss or Damage
The Carrier shall be deemed prima facie to have delivered the goods as described in this Bill of
Lading unless notice of loss of, or damage to, the Goods indicating the general
nature of such loss or damage, shall have been given in writing to the Carrier or to his
representative at the place of delivery before or at the time of removal of the Goods into the
custody of the person entitled to delivery thereof under this Bill of Lading or, if the loss or
damage is not apparent, within three consecutive days thereafter.
(5) Time Bar
The Carrier shall be discharged of all liability unless suit is brought in the proper forum and
written notice thereof received by the Carrier within one (1) year after delivery of the Goods or the
date when the Goods should have been delivered. In the event that such time period shall be found
contrary to any convention or law compulsorily applicable, the period prescribed by such convention
or law shall then apply but in that circumstance only.
Headings are for informational purposes only and shall not be deemed part of the text and shall not
be deemed to create, amend or alter any of the terms or conditions herein.
9. MERCHANT'S RESPONSIBILITY
(1) The description and particulars of the Goods set out on the face hereof are furnished by the
Merchant and the Merchant warrants to the Carrier that the description and particulars including, but
not limited to, of the weight, content, measure, quantity, quality, condition, marks, numbers and
value are correct.
(2) The Merchant shall comply with all applicable laws, regulations and requirements of customs, port
and other authorities and shall bear and pay all duties, taxes, fines, imposts, expenses and losses
incurred or suffered by reason thereof or by reason of any illegal, incorrect or insufficient
marking, numbering or addressing of the Goods.
(3) The Merchant undertakes that the Goods are packed in a manner adequate to withstand the ordinary
risks of Carriage having regard to their nature and in compliance with all laws, regulations and
requirements which may be applicable.
(4) No Goods which are or may become dangerous, inflammable or damaging or which are or may become
liable to damage any property or person whatsoever shall be tendered to the
Carrier for Carriage without the Carrier's express consent in writing and without the Container or
other covering in which the goods are to be transported and the Goods being distinctly marked on the
outside so as to indicate the nature and character of any such articles and so as to comply with all
applicable laws, regulations and requirements. If any such articles are delivered to the Carrier
without such written consent and marking or if in the opinion of the Carrier the articles are or are
liable to become of a dangerous, inflammable or damaging nature, the same may at any time be
destroyed, disposed of, abandoned, or rendered harmless without compensation to the Merchant and
without prejudice to the Carrier's right to Charges.
(5) The Merchant shall be liable for the loss, damage, contamination, soiling, detention or demurrage
before, during and after the Carriage of property (including, but not limited to, Containers) of the
Carrier or any person or vessel (other than the Merchant) referred to in 5 (2) above caused by the
Merchant or any person acting on his behalf or for which the Merchant is otherwise responsible.
(6) The Merchant shall defend, indemnity and hold harmless the Carrier against any loss, damage,
claim, and liability or expense whatsoever arising from any breach of the provisions of this clause 9
or from any cause in connection with the Goods for which the Carrier is not responsible.
(1) Goods may be stuffed by the Carrier in or on Containers and Goods may be stuffed with other Goods.
(2) The terms of this Bill of Lading shall govern the responsibility of the Carrier in connection
with or arising out of the supply of a Container to the Merchant, whether
supplied before or after the Goods are received by the Carrier or delivered to the Merchant.
(3) If a Container has been stuffed by or on behalf of the Merchant.
(A) the Carrier shall not be liable for loss of or damage to the Goods
(I) caused by the manner in which the Container has been stuffed;
(II) caused by the unsuitability of the Goods for carriage in Containers;
(III) caused by the unsuitability or defective condition of the Container provided that where the
Container has been supplied by or on behalf of the Carrier, this paragraph
(III) shall only apply if the unsuitability or defective condition arose (a) without any want of due
diligence on the part of the Carrier or (b) would have been apparent upon reasonable inspection by
the Merchant at or prior to the time when the Container was stuffed.
(IV) if the Container is not sealed at the commencement of the Carriage except where the Carrier has
agreed to seal the Container.
(B) the Merchant shall defend, indemnify and hold harmless the Carrier against any loss, damage,
claim, liability or expense whatsoever arising from one or more of the matters covered by (A) above.
(4) Where the Carrier is instructed to provide a Container, in the absence of a written request to
the contrary, the Carrier is not under an obligation to provide a Container of any particular type or
11. TEMPERATURE CONTROLLED CARGO
(1) The Merchant undertakes not to tender for transportation any Goods which require temperature
control without previously giving written notice (and filling in the box on the front of this Bill of
Lading if this Bill of Lading has been prepared by the Merchant or a person acting on his behalf) of
their nature and particular temperature range to be maintained and in the case of a temperature
controlled Container stuffed by or on behalf of the Merchant further undertakes that the Container
has been properly pre-cooled, that the Goods have been properly stuffed in the Container and that its
thermostatic controls have been properly set by the Merchant before receipt of the Goods by the
If the above requirements are not complied with the Carrier shall not be liable for any loss of or
damage to the Goods caused by such non-compliance.
(2) The Carrier shall not be liable for any loss of or damage to the Goods arising from defects,
derangement, breakdown, stoppage of: the temperature controlling machinery, plant, insulation or any
apparatus of the Container provided that the Carrier shall before or at the beginning of the Carriage
exercise reasonable diligence to maintain the refrigerated Container in an efficient state.
12. INSPECTION OF GOODS
The Carrier or any person authorized by the Carrier shall be entitled, but under no obligation, to
open any Container or package at any time and to inspect the Goods.
13. MATTERS AFFECTING PERFORMANCE
(1) If at any time the Carriage is or is likely to be affected by any hindrance, risk, delay,
difficulty or disadvantage of any kind (including the condition of the
Goods), whenever and howsoever arising (whether or not the Carriage has commenced) the Carrier may:
(A) without notice to the Merchant abandon the Carriage of the Goods and where reasonably possible
place the Goods or any part of them at the Merchant's disposal at any place
which the Carrier may deem safe and convenient, whereupon the responsibility of the Carrier in
respect of such Goods shall cease.
(B) without prejudice to the Carrier's right subsequently to abandon the Carriage under (A) above,
continue the Carriage.
In any event the Carrier shall be entitled to full Charges on Goods received for Carriage and the
Merchant shall pay any additional costs resulting from the above mentioned circumstances.
(2) The liability of the Carrier in respect of the Goods shall cease on the delivery or other
disposition of the Goods in accordance with the orders or recommendations given by any government or
authority or any person acting or purporting to act as or on behalf of such government or authority.
14. METHODS AND ROUTE OF TRANSPORTATION
(1) The Carrier may at any time and without notice to the Merchant use any means of transport or
storage whatsoever; load or carry the Goods on any vessel whether named on the front hereof or not;
transfer the Goods from one conveyance to another including transshipping or carrying the same on
another vessel than that named on the front hereof or by any other means of transport whatsoever; at
any place unpack and remove Goods which have been stuffed in or on a Container and forward the same
in any manner whatsoever; proceed at any speed and by any route in his discretion (whether or not the
nearest or most direct or customary or advertised route) and proceed to or stay at any place
whatsoever once or more often and in any order; load or unload the Goods from any conveyance at any
place (whether or not the place is a port named on the front hereof as the intended Port of Loading
or intended Port of Discharge); comply with any orders or recommendations given by any government or
authority or any person or body acting or purporting to act as or on behalf of such government or
authority or having under the terms of the insurance on the conveyance employed by the Carrier the
right to give orders or directions; permit the vessel to proceed with or without pilots, to tow to be
towed or to be dry-docked; permit the vessel to carry live animals, Goods of all kinds, dangerous or
otherwise contraband, explosives, munitions or warlike stores and sail armed or unarmed.
(2) The liberties set out in (1) above may be invoked by the Carrier for any purposes whatsoever
whether or not connected with the Carriage of the Goods. Anything done in
accordance with (1) above or any delay arising therefrom shall be deemed to be within the contractual
Carriage and shall not be a deviation of whatsoever nature or degree.
15. DECK CARGO (AND LIVE ANIMALS)
(1) Goods of any description whether containerized or not may be stowed on or under deck without
notice to the Merchant and such stowage shall not be a deviation of whatsoever nature or degree.
Subject to (2) below, such Goods whether carried on deck or under deck shall participate in General
Average and such Goods (other than live animals) shall be deemed to be within the definition of Goods
for the purposes of the Hague Rules or any legislation making such Rules or the Hague-Visby Rules
compulsorily applicable (such as COGSA or COGWA) to this Bill of Lading.
(2) Goods not stuffed in or on Containers which are stated on the front of this Bill of Lading to be
carried on deck and which are so carried (and live animals whether or not carried on deck) are
carried without responsibility on the part of the Carrier for loss or damage of whatsoever nature
arising during carriage by sea or inland waterway whether
caused by unseaworthiness or negligence or any other cause whatsoever.
(3) Carrier shall have no liability whatsoever for any injury, illness, death, delay or destruction
howsoever arising for the carriage of live animals. Should the Master in his sole discretion consider
that any live animal is likely to be injurious to any other live animal or any person or property on
board, or to cause the vessel to be delayed or impeded in the prosecution of the Carriage, such live
animal may be destroyed and thrown overboard without any liability attaching to the Carrier. The
Merchant shall defend, indemnify and hold harmless the Carrier against all and any extra cost
incurred for any reason whatsoever in connection with carriage of live animals.
16. NOTIFICATION AND DELIVERY OF GOODS
Any mention in this Bill of Lading of parties to be notified of the arrival of the goods is solely
for information of the Carrier, and failure to give such notification shall not involve the Carrier
in any liability nor relieve the Merchant of any obligation hereunder. If delivery of the Goods or
any part thereof is not taken by the Merchant at the time and place when and where the Carrier is
entitled to call upon the Merchant to take delivery thereof, the Carrier shall be entitled without
notice to remove from a Container the Goods or that part thereof if stuffed in or on a Container and
to store the
Goods or that part thereof ashore, afloat, in the open or under cover at the sole risk and expense of
the Merchant. Such storage shall constitute due delivery hereunder, and thereupon the liability of
the Carrier in respect of the Goods or that part thereof shall cease.
Except for "order" bills of lading, Merchant identified on the face of this Bill of Lading may change
the name of the consignee at any time prior to delivery of the Goods,
however, Merchant agrees to defend, indemnify and hold Carrier harmless from and against any
liability which may arise thereunder. Carrier may require Merchant to post a bond or other guarantee
satisfactory to Carrier in an amount determined by Carrier to be adequate as a condition to changing
Delivery shall be to the consignee or consignee's agent upon reasonable proof of identity and Carrier
shall not be liable absent actual negligence.
17. BOTH-TO-BLAME COLLISION
If the vessel on which the Goods are carried (the carrying vessel) comes into collision with any
other vessel or object (the non-carrying vessel or object) as a result of the negligence of the non-
carrying vessel or object or the owner of, charterer of or person responsible for the non-carrying
vessel or object, the Merchant undertakes to defend, indemnify and hold harmless the Carrier against
all claims by or liability to (and any expense arising there from) any vessel or person in respect of
any loss of, or damage to, or any claim whatsoever of the Merchant paid or payable to the Merchant by
the non-carrying vessel or object or the owner of, charterer of or person responsible for the non-
carrying vessel or object and set-off, recouped or recovered by such vessel, object or person(s)
against the Carrier, the carrying vessel or her owners or charterers.
18. GENERAL AVERAGE
(1) The Carrier may declare General Average which shall be adjustable according to the York/Antwerp
Rules of 1994 at any place at the option of the Carrier and the Amended Jason Clause as approved by
BIMCO is to be considered as incorporated herein and the Merchant shall provide such security as may
be required by the Carrier in this connection.
(2) Notwithstanding (1) above, the Merchant shall defend, indemnify and hold harmless the Carrier in
respect of any claim (and any expense arising therefrom) of a General Average nature which may be
made on the Carrier and shall provide such security as may be required by the Carrier in this
(3) The Carrier shall be under no obligation to take any steps whatsoever to collect security for
General Average contributions due to the Merchant.
(1) Charges shall be deemed fully earned on receipt of the Goods by the Carrier and shall be paid and
non-returnable in any event.
(2) The Charges have been calculated on the basis of particulars furnished by or on behalf of the
Merchant. The Carrier shall be entitled to production of the commercial invoice for the Goods or true
copy thereof and to inspect, reweigh, remeasure and revalue the Goods and if the particulars are
found by the Carrier to be incorrect the
Merchant shall pay the Carrier the correct Charges (credit being given for the Charges charged) and
the costs incurred by the Carrier in establishing the correct particulars.
(3) All Charges shall be paid without any set-off, counter-claim, deduction or stay of execution.
The Carrier shall have a lien on Goods and any documents relating thereto to all sums whatsoever due
at any time to the Carrier from the Merchant and for General Average contributions to whomsoever due
and for the costs of recovering the same and the Carrier shall have the right to sell the Goods and
documents by public auction or private treaty, without notice to the Merchant and at the Merchant's
expense and without any liability towards the Merchant.
21. VARIATION OF THE CONTRACT
No servant or agent of the Carrier shall have power to waive or vary any of the terms hereof, unless
such waiver or variation is in writing and is specifically authorized or ratified in writing by a
director or officer of the Carrier who has the actual authority of the Carrier so to waive or vary.
22. PARTIAL INVALIDITY
If any provision in this Bill of Lading is held to be invalid or unenforceable by any court or
regulatory or self-regulatory agency or body, such invalidity or unenforceability shall attach only
to such provision. The validity of the remaining provisions shall not be affected thereby and this
Bill of Lading contract shall be carried out as if such invalid or unenforceable provisions were not
The contract evidenced by or contained in this Bill of Lading is governed by the Law of the United
States of America and the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida shall be the sole
and exclusive forum for any claim or dispute hereunder.